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Study in Canada

Canada's status as a premier choice for international students is fully justified, with its exceptional educational institutions and inclusive multicultural atmosphere. If you are contemplating furthering your education in Canada, it is essential to understand the study permit application procedure


A Study Permit allows individuals from other countries to pursue education in Canada for specific durations. This guide will delve into the details of the Canadian Study Permit application process, offering helpful insights and advice for prospective students. 

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Understanding the Student Permit

A Study Permit is an official document given by Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) that grants foreign individuals permission to pursue their studies at specific educational institutions known as designated learning institutions (DLIs) in Canada.

Duration: The Study Permit's duration is determined by the length of the academic program, with an additional 90 days included.

Requirements: Individuals holding a Study Permit must maintain their enrollment and demonstrate satisfactory advancement in their studies. They may also face limitations on employment opportunities in Canada. 

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Understanding the Difference Between Study Permit and Student Visa in Canada

For international students aspiring to pursue their education in Canada, navigating the immigration requirements can sometimes be confusing. Among the common terms encountered are "study permit" and "student visa." While these terms are often used interchangeably, they actually refer to distinct aspects of the Canadian immigration process for students. Let's delve into the key differences between a study permit and a student visa in Canada.

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Student Visa

Contrary to popular belief, Canada does not issue a separate "student visa" distinct from the study permit. Instead, the study permit serves as the visa for international students to enter and study in Canada. However, in some cases, students may require a Temporary Resident Visa (TRV) or an Electronic Travel Authorization (eTA) to enter Canada. Here's what you need to know about student visas:

Visa Requirement: Depending on their country of citizenship, international students may need to obtain a TRV or eTA in addition to their study permit to enter Canada. A TRV is a stamp or sticker placed in a passport, while an eTA is an electronic authorization linked to the passport.

Application Process: Students who require a TRV or eTA must apply for it separately from their study permit application. The TRV application is submitted to the visa office responsible for their country of residence, while the eTA application is typically completed online.

Validity: The validity of a TRV or eTA may vary depending on factors such as the student's country of citizenship and immigration history. It is important to check the expiration date of these documents before traveling to Canada.

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Study Permit

A study permit is the official document issued by Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) that allows international students to study at designated learning institutions (DLIs) in Canada. It is a mandatory requirement for most foreign nationals planning to pursue academic, vocational, or professional training programs that last longer than six months. Here are some key points about study permits:

Purpose: The primary purpose of a study permit is to authorize an individual to study in Canada.

Duration: Study permits are typically issued for the duration of the study program, plus an additional 90 days, allowing students some time to prepare to leave Canada or apply for a work permit.

Conditions: Study permits come with certain conditions, such as requirements to actively pursue studies, remain enrolled at a DLI, and respect any other conditions listed on the permit.

Application: International students must apply for a study permit before coming to Canada, either online or through a visa application center (VAC) in their home country or country of residence.

In summary, while a Study Permit is the official document that allows international students to study in Canada, a Student Visa refers to the additional entry document, such as a TRV or eTA, that may be required depending on the student's nationality.

By understanding the difference between these terms and fulfilling the necessary requirements, prospective international students can smoothly navigate the process of studying in Canada and embark on a rewarding educational journey in the Great White North.

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Procedure for Applying: 

The majority of Study Permit applications are typically submitted electronically via the IRCC website or through the Visa Application Centres (VACs) in select countries. Applicants are required to provide several documents, which include a valid passport, a letter of acceptance from a Designated Learning Institution (DLI), evidence of financial assistance, and any other documentation asked by the Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC).

Biometrics: Certain candidates may need to furnish biometric data (fingerprints and photograph) as a component of the application procedure. 


Duration and Charges

Study Permit applications have variable processing times, which are influenced by factors such as the applicant's place of origin and the time of year. Prospective candidates are strongly advised to submit their applications far ahead of their desired commencement date.

Application Fees: A non-refundable cost is required for processing Study Permit applications and must be paid when submitting the application. 


Employment prospects with Post-Graduation Work Permit (PGWP):

Work Opportunities: Study Permit holders are often permitted to engage in part-time employment either on or off-campus while pursuing their studies. There may be specific limitations that are applicable. The Post-Graduation Work Permit (PGWP) is available to graduates of qualifying programs, granting them the opportunity to work in Canada for a maximum of three years following their graduation. This permit offers a valuable chance to get job experience. 

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Requirements for Eligibility

Prospective students must get an acceptance letter from a Designated Learning Institute (DLI) in Canada prior to submitting an application for a Study Permit.

1 / Financial Capacity

Applicants must provide evidence of their ability to afford tuition fees, living expenses, and return transportation costs. It is important to know the minimum funds needed to support yourself as a student (and family members who come with you).

2 / Health Requirements

Certain applicants may be obligated to undergo a medical assessment, contingent upon their nation of origin and the duration of their visit to Canada.

3 / Provincial Attestation Letter

In order to obtain a study permit, it is necessary to submit a letter of attestation from the province. Starting from January 22, 2024, the majority of students' study permit applications must incorporate a provincial attestation letter (PAL) from the specific province or territory where they plan to study. Typically, if you submit an application without a PAL, it will be rejected and you will be charged fees.  

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Renewal and extensions

Renewal: Study Permit holders who want to prolong their time in Canada must submit an application for an extension prior to the expiration of their existing permit. Applicants are required to inform IRCC of any alterations in their circumstances, including changes in their program of study, address, or marital status. 


Successfully navigating the Student Visa application process in Canada can be intricate, but with meticulous planning and preparation, aspiring students can achieve their aspirations of studying in this multicultural and hospitable nation. This book offers essential insights to assist applicants in successfully obtaining their Study Permit and commencing an interesting educational adventure in Canada. It covers comprehending the qualifying criteria, collecting necessary paperwork, and exploring career options.

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